How to care for the eyes

Your eyes are windows to the world, so it's very important to take care of them. Things like regular visits to an eye specialist, enough sleep and regular rest for your eyes while working at the computer will help to keep your eyes healthy for a long time. If you begin to have vision problems, you should make an appointment with an ophthalmologist as soon as possible. Read our article to find out what you should do to keep your eyes healthy.

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We develop good habits associated with vision

Regularly visit an eye doctor who will provide professional assistance in eye care. It can be ophthalmologists (optometrist) and optometrists. In order to maintain eye health, you should regularly visit a specialist or immediately consult a doctor if you have vision problems. Learn more about the eyes and ask your doctor questions if they appear. If you have more information about your eyes and how to prevent eye diseases, you will have better control over your health.

  • If you do not have vision problems, you should visit an oculist every 5-10 years in a period when you are between 20 and 40.
  • If you do not have vision problems, you should visit an oculist every 2-4 years at a time when you are between 40 and 65.
  • If you do not have vision problems, you should go to the eye doctor every 1-2 years during the period when you are over 65.

Remove contact lenses at the end of the day. Avoid wearing contact lenses for more than 19 hours. Wearing contact lenses for too long can cause permanent vision problems and also cause discomfort to your eyes.

  • Never go to bed without removing your contact lenses, unless this is recommended by your doctor. Your eyes need regular access of oxygen, and the lenses block the flow of oxygen to the eyes, especially during sleep, so doctors recommend taking a break in wearing lenses at night.
  • Do not swim in contact lenses unless you are wearing tight swim goggles. It is better to use written out special glasses if necessary. It is quite normal to put them on in the shower, then you will not have to close your eyes to protect them from contact with soap or shampoo.
  • Always follow the instructions for wearing contact lenses, as well as the recommendations of the manufacturer and your physician. Also, do not forget to wash your hands each time before you begin to remove or put on the lenses.

Remove eye makeup at the end of the day. Always remove eye makeup before bedtime. Never go to bed made-up. If you go to bed and have mascara or eyeliner in front of your eyes, they can get in your eyes and cause irritation.

  • Sleeping with colored eyes can also lead to clogged pores around the eyes, which can cause barley. For the treatment of advanced barley, antibiotics and even a removal procedure may be required by the doctor.
  • Keep make-up supplies near your bed in case you are too tired to get up and take off your makeup.

Use eye drops for allergies in moderation. Using eye drops during the season of allergies will help reduce redness and itching of the eyes, but daily use of them can only exacerbate the problem. Reactive redness may appear as the eyes will no longer react to drops. [6]

  • Eye drops against allergies cause a reduction in blood flow to the cornea, which deprives it of oxygen. That is, when your eyes are no longer inflamed and itchy, they really just don't get enough oxygen from the blood. This is not very good, because the muscles and tissues of the eye require oxygen. The result of a lack of oxygen can even be swelling and scarring.
  • Read the instructions carefully, especially if you wear lenses. Many eye drops cannot be used if you wear contact lenses. Check with an ophthalmologist about which drops can be used when wearing contact lenses.

Wear sunglasses. Always wear glasses outside in sunny weather. Buy these glasses, which say that they block the ultraviolet rays of spectrum A and B by 99% or 100%.

  • Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation can damage eyesight, and protecting your eyes from a young age will help avoid vision loss in mature years. The effect of ultraviolet radiation can lead to cataracts, macular dystrophy, fat and pathological skin folds, as well as to the pathological conditions of the eyes.
  • Since the damage to ultraviolet rays to the eyes accumulates throughout life, it is important to protect children from harmful rays. Make sure your children remember to wear hats and safety glasses if they are exposed to the sun for a long time.
  • Wear glasses, even if you are in the shade. Despite the fact that the shadow significantly reduces the influence of ultraviolet radiation, you are still subject to harmful rays reflected from buildings.
  • Never look directly at the sun, even if you are wearing sunglasses. The sun's rays are very powerful and can damage the sensitive parts of the retina, if you expose the eyes to their direct impact.

Wear safety glasses if necessary. Wear safety glasses when working with chemicals, power tools, or in places where there are impurities in the air that can damage your eyes. Safety glasses will protect your eyes from large or small objects that may get in your eyes.

Get enough sleep. Improper sleep patterns can cause eye strain. Symptoms of eye fatigue include eye irritation, difficulty focusing, dry or excessive tearing, blurring or ghosting, sensitivity to light, and pain in the neck, shoulders, and back. Make sure you sleep enough at night to avoid eye strain. Adults need 7-8 hours of sleep each night.

Exercise regularly. Regular exercise will help prevent many diseases, including diabetes. By practicing at least 30 minutes 3 times a week, you can reduce your chances of earning such serious eye problems as glaucoma or macular dystrophy.

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To get rid of puffiness, put cucumber circles on the eyelids. Gently press the cold cucumber circles to the eyelids for 10-15 minutes before bedtime to avoid or remove the puffiness of the eyelids and under the eyes.

  • If you want to get rid of puffiness, try putting green tea bags on your eyelids. Hold the tea bag in cold water for several minutes and put on the eyes for 15-20 minutes. Tannins in tea will help reduce inflammation.

We protect eyes when working at the computer

If possible, limit the time when you look at the screen of your computer, tablet or phone. Although there is still no scientific evidence that working at a computer harms eyesight, it can cause strain and dry eyes. Strong or, conversely, insufficient brightness of the computer screen leads to fatigue of the eye muscles. If you can not limit the time spent at the computer, use the techniques that will relax your eyes.

Make sure your eyes are flush with the screen. If you look at the screen from the bottom up or vice versa, this will lead to additional strain on the muscles of the eye. Sit so that you look straight at the screen.

Do not forget to blink. When people look at the screen, they usually blink less often, and this causes dry eyes. When you work at a computer, consciously force yourself to blink every 30 seconds to avoid dry eyes.

Follow rule 20-6-20 when working at the computer. After every 20 minutes, look at something at a distance of 6 meters for 20 seconds. You can remind yourself about business interruptions by setting alarms on your phone.

Work in a well-lit area. Working and reading in dim light can cause eye strain, which is not good for your eyesight. To make it easier for you, work and read in well-lit places. If you feel tired eyes, stop and let your eyes rest.

Choosing food for eye health

Use foods that help your eyes stay healthy. Vitamins C and E, zinc, lutein, zeaxanthin and omega-3 fatty acids are essential for healthy eyes. These substances help avoid cataracts, lens opacities, and even age-related macular dystrophy.

  • The overall balanced diet will reflect well on the health of your eyes.

Eat foods that contain vitamin E. Include cereals, nuts, wheat germ, and vegetable oils in your diet. These foods are rich in vitamin E, so using them will help you get a daily dose of vitamin E.

Eat foods that contain zinc. Include in your diet beef, pork, clams, peanuts and legumes. Foods that contain zinc are important to the health of your eyes.

Eat foods that contain vitamin C. Include oranges, strawberries, broccoli, bell peppers, and Brussels sprouts in your diet. Foods that contain vitamin C are important for the health of your eyes.

Use foods that contain lutein and zeaxanthin. Eat cabbage, spinach, broccoli and peas. These vegetables contain lutein and zeaxanthin, which are good for eyesight.

Eat carrots. Eating carrots improves eyesight.

Eat foods that contain omega-3 fatty acids. Eat fish that contain omega-3 fatty acids (salmon or sardines) once or twice a week. Or, if you do not like fish, eat a daily dose of omega-3 supplements.


  1. Do not look directly at the bright light.
  2. Sleep for 7-8 hours per night to prevent vision problems or any other diseases.
  3. Wash your hands before putting on contact lenses.
  4. Drink more water and eat more vegetables, especially carrots.
  5. If you have a chronic illness, such as diabetes or hypertension, you should visit an ophthalmologist (a doctor who specializes in all eye diseases). Patients with diabetes need to constantly monitor their blood sugar levels, since they do not produce insulin.
  6. In addition to proper nutrition and eye care, you should visit an eye specialist every year. An eye specialist diagnoses problems that can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses, or surgery. It can also recognize dry eyes, identify pathological conditions of the retina, and even other problems, such as diabetes or high blood pressure.
  7. Do not use eye drops if you just do not know exactly what they suit you. While drops can improve the condition of your eyes, their medical benefits are not yet fully proven. If in doubt, check with your pharmacist or ophthalmologist.


  • Do not rub your eyes too much.
  • Keep the correct distance between your eyes and the computer screen.
  • Keep sharp objects away from your eyes.
  • Never look at the sun directly or through a telescope.
  • Avoid getting salt in your eyes.