Glaucoma of the eye is a whole set of different pathologies, the
result of which is an increase in intraocular pressure. Increased
eye pressure can damage the optic nerve, which is responsible for
transmitting information directly to the brain centers. Consequently, eye glaucoma can cause deterioration or loss of vision.
The possibility of the appearance of this disease increases in
proportion to age. Glaucoma of the eye is divided into primary, when
the functioning of the intraocular system is disturbed, and secondary, when the
disease develops as a consequence or complication of other diseases.
Primary glaucoma of the eye can be acute or chronic; it is chronic glaucoma
that is the main cause of blindness.
Glaucoma of the eye occurs either due to an increase in
fluid production , which is very rare, or due to a blockage
inside the eye for its normal circulation. The appearance of a blockage on the way to the
drainage network, expansive tension, stress, taking certain medications
can cause an acute attack of glaucoma. Damage within
the drainage system itself, which interferes with the natural movement of fluid,
leads to a chronic form of the disease.
Chronic glaucoma of the eye leads to a gradual
death of the optic nerve, due to its constant presence under
pressure and lack of nutrients, which over time can develop into
complete blindness. In acute attacks of glaucoma, the same processes occur, however,
in a sharper and stronger form. Acute glaucoma is accompanied by an
attack of pain and loss of vision. If the correct medical
attention is not provided in a timely manner, vision may not return to the
person at all.
farsightedness, diabetes mellitus, hereditary predisposition (if
one of the relatives suffers from this disease) contributes to the occurrence of glaucoma . Acute glaucoma usually occurs
in people with small, narrow eyes, or hyperopia, in circumstances of emotional stress or stress. Of course, the main factor contributing to the development of glaucoma is any mechanical damage to the eyeball.
Signs of chronic glaucoma is a gradual loss of
vision, which initially manifests itself as a loss of peripheral vision and only
then moves to the central visual fields, for this reason, glaucoma of the eye is not
always immediately noticeable.
Signs of an acute attack of glaucoma are first
iridescent circles around light sources, then severe pain in the eye
that spreads to the face, eyelid spasm, watery
eyes , redness of the eye and general symptoms – nausea, vomiting, dizziness. If the
intraocular pressure increases even more, then the pain increases incredibly and vision begins to decrease.
Glaucoma of the eye is diagnosed by an ophthalmologist after a
thorough examination and based on the patient’s complaints. Treatment consists in the
use of ointments, medications and special eye drops,
which are designed to reduce intraocular pressure. More often than not, this is
enough to bring the patient back to normal. However, there are
cases when eye glaucoma is associated with anatomical features of the structure of the
eyes. In this case, surgical intervention is required.