Nearsightedness is a disturbance in the function of vision. The goal of myopia correction is to minimize visual impairment in the absence of any complications.
Myopia should be treated when it has not yet begun. If it turns out that a young child is likely to develop myopia (myopia), it’s time to start preventing the disease.
People suffering from myopia are forced to visit a doctor regularly throughout their lives. The most important and dangerous periods of myopia development are the early school stage, adolescence, the time when there is an increased load on vision, for example, pregnancy.
The myopia correction regimen should be aimed at tightening and better nutrition of the connective eye tissue. In addition, it is necessary to additionally nourish the retina, monitor its condition and pressure inside the eye.
It is very important to remember that, as in the case of other diseases, treatment should be carried out in a complex and systemic manner.
In addition to direct treatment, it is required to adhere to a sparing regime of visual activity, which includes: sufficient lighting during work and reading, the ability to give the eyes a rest. Immunity for myopia is also important. It needs to be strengthened and maintained. The body must be able to resist the harmful influences of the environment.
At school age, the load on vision increases several dozen times. School tables should be commensurate with the height of the child, letters and numbers in teaching aids should be contrasting and clear. If a child is found to have incipient myopia, it is required to change glasses in a timely manner.
Myopia correction is divided into two categories:
– the actual correction of myopia, including conservative and surgical methods of treatment;
– prevention of myopia.
Correction of myopia proceeds according to the following schemes:
– the use of methods that do not modify the refraction of vision. These methods involve the use of corrective contact lenses and glasses.
– the use of surgical methods to correct myopia, for example, surgery to replace the natural lens of the eye with a prosthesis.
The most popular methods for correcting myopia are:
– conservative treatment: stimulation with magnets, laser therapy, eye adaptation training, infrasound massage.
– surgical intervention aimed at preventing the development of myopia and the occurrence of complications.
– operations to strengthen the sclera of the eye – scleroplasty . This method is used in the development of myopia at a rapid pace. During the operation, slices of the donor’s sclera or the donor’s lining of the brain are placed between the sclera and the conjunctiva. This is done in order to strengthen the inner pole of the eye. The implant keeps the sclera in the eye unchanged while increasing the size of the eyeball.
– correction of myopia with a laser aimed at strengthening the retina. With severe retinal thinning, laser coagulation is used as a prophylaxis.
– vasoreconstructive surgery is used to better supply the eye with blood.
If myopia progresses, then specialists prescribe drugs that help improve metabolic processes, osmotic drugs, and therapy of eye tissues.
Correction of myopia can have complications in the form of hemorrhages in the retina, exfoliation of the vitreous body, and retinal exfoliation. Such complications require immediate contact with an ophthalmologist. Inpatient treatment is carried out using combined methods.