Strabismus in adults is a disease that can be
diagnosed even at home. With strabismus, deviation of
one or two eyes from the center of the axis develops . This is clearly expressed in the fact that a
person’s eyes do not look in one direction, but in different ones, while the gaze is not focused on the subject.
Usually, the disease begins to manifest itself in childhood
(2 – 3 years), when a well-coordinated work of organs is formed. According to
statistics, every fiftieth child suffers from a disease, but strabismus
also occurs in adults.
Among the causes of the development of the disease, one can distinguish trauma and
infections of the brain, inflammation of the eye muscles, improper treatment of myopia or
hyperopia. Also, an increase in mental or physical stress on the body plays an important role
, and simply the lack of proper attention to your vision.
Strabismus in adults can be of two types: the first is
friendly , the second is paralytic. The first type is characterized by a
deviation from the center of the axis of either the left or the right eye by approximately the same
distance. Usually this form is congenital and inherited.
The second form of the disease is associated with damage to the muscles of the eye, or previous
diseases associated with the visual organs. With this form, the
healthy eye “hurts” , and the second – the patient is not mobile, as a result of
which the healthy one must deviate to a large angle to focus the vision.
Strabismus in adults can be convergent, divergent,
or vertical. Usually, strabismus is noticed first by outside people who
communicate with the patient. It is quite noticeable when you look a person in the
eye. A person may experience symptoms such as double vision,
Diagnostics is carried out by an ophthalmologist. He carefully
examines the eyes themselves, the fundus, identifies the cause of the disease.
If strabismus is found in adults of the second form, then a
person must be examined by a neurologist without fail . This disease does not
go away on its own. If the diagnosis is carried out on time, and the
correct treatment is prescribed , then after a few years the patient is discharged, but you still have to systematically
check with an ophthalmologist.
To begin with, the doctor tries to correct concomitant
diseases – myopia, astigmatism, and so on. The person must
wear individually tailored glasses at all times . The patient is assigned a course of special
exercises that are designed to develop atrophied and weakened eye muscles.
If there is no effect of treatment, the ophthalmologist may prescribe a surgical
Strabismus in adults is a rather unpleasant
disease that greatly interferes with everyday life. Patients feel
extremely uncomfortable, they experience constant discomfort.
Careful eye care is a preventive measure . You can not run any eye
diseases, infectious. You can’t keep your eyes under constant stress:
sitting in front of the monitor for a long time , reading on public transport, at dusk. Similar
and other loads on vision greatly tire the eye muscles.