The importance of early detection of eye diseases and their timely treatment is explained by the importance of the organs of vision for humans. It is known that approximately 80-90% of external information enters the brain through the visual organ. Actually, the organ of vision itself is part of the brain and is absolutely unique. It reflects light signals, turning them into nerve impulses in areas of the brain, so we perceive the world around us: nature, interior, terrain, people, with all the nuances, shades of colors and feelings.
Naturally, any deviation in the functioning of the visual organs causes discomfort and anxiety. Even if the violation is not accompanied by pain, you should not waste time and hope that “it will pass”, you must immediately contact the clinic . Impaired visual function can be serious and have far-reaching complications that can lead to vision loss.
Some eye pathologies and their symptoms
Amblyopia is a violation of the function of vision, which is not corrected with the help of optical devices and leads to disturbance of accommodation and irreversible visual impairment. Most often occurs in childhood as a result of a number of disorders and eye diseases, such as myopia, astigmatism or clouding of the cornea. The brain turns off the affected eye from the visual process, overloading the function in the second eye. It is very important to timely identify and start treatment in order to avoid irreversible loss of vision.
Astigmatism – arises due to the physiological pathology of the structure of the cornea, which ideally has the shape of a sphere, while astigmatism – the elongated shape that a rugby ball has. Symptoms of astigmatism:
· Doubling image
· Need eye strain to focus on the subject, squinting
· Blur images
· Tension headaches
Astigmatism is one of the causes of amblyopia. Treatment with optical and hardware devices is necessary in childhood, and in adults only laser correction can be used.
Blepharitis is a lesion of the eyelids caused by inflammation. The most common form – chronic blepharitis – is difficult to treat with medication. Before prescribing a course of treatment, a thorough examination is necessary to determine the root causes. Symptoms
· Sensation of dry mucous membranes
· Feeling of “sand” in the eyes
· Intense itching, loss of eyelashes
· The appearance of crusts and pustules
· Peeling of the skin age
· Fear of the light
· Blurred vision
Myopia is a disease accompanied by impaired refraction, the inability to make out details if the object is at a distance. The reason for this violation is the incorrect fixation of the light beam on the surface of the retina. More precisely, the beam is fixed in front of the retina. Such pathological refraction is expressed in the following:
· Burning sensation in the eyes
· Pain in the frontotemporal area
· Unclear images of distant objects
To determine the methods of correction, you need to consult a specialist who will decide whether glasses, lenses or gentle laser surgery will help.
Glaucoma is a chronic eye disease caused by increased intraocular pressure. As a result of pressure, the optic nerve suffers, vision is impaired, and the destruction of the nerve is irreversible. The treatment is complex, continuous and continuous. Glaucoma Vision Disorders:
- Decreased vision in the dark
- Narrowing of visual fields
- Decrease in picture clarity
- Rainbow circles around light sources
Unfortunately, glaucoma does not appear in the initial stages. After the age of 40, it is mandatory to visit an ophthalmologist and measure intraocular pressure once a year. Ophthalmology does not stand still, there are reliable methods for maintaining vision in glaucoma: medical and surgical, laser.
Cataracts are the result of a partial or perfect clouding of the lens that occurs on one or both eyes at the same time. As a result of the clouding of the lens, light rays do not penetrate the retina, as a result of which the quality of vision suffers. If the disease is started, then you can completely lose your eyesight. Cataracts usually occur in old age. In younger people, cataracts may develop as a result of certain diseases or injuries. Cataracts can be congenital. The following symptoms may alert you:
- The need for frequent change of points
- Decreased visual acuity
- Deterioration of color perception
- Blurred vision
- Rainbow circles around light sources
- Pain during reading
- Sensitivity to Light
Ophthalmologists guard your vision
These and other ocular pathologies require immediate examination by an ophthalmologist. Do not let the disease drift: it is fraught with loss of vision and a decrease in the quality of life. Since eye pathologies are difficult to determine in the first stages, do not ignore a visit to the optometrist at least once a year.
Modern clinics use the latest equipment, consumables from leading manufacturers, and also use progressive treatment approaches, an individual approach to each patient. Here you are always ready to receive the leading highly qualified specialists – ophthalmologists.