Group one (to improve blood circulation and intraocular fluid)
Exercise 1. Close the eyelids of both eyes for 3-5 seconds, then open
them for 3-5 seconds; repeat 6-8 times.
Exercise 2. Blink rapidly with both eyes for 10-15 seconds, then repeat the same 3-4 times at intervals of 7-10 seconds. Exercise 3. Close the eyelids of both eyes and use the index finger of the corresponding hand to massage them in a circular motion for one minute .Exercise 4. Close the eyelids of both eyes and with three fingers of the corresponding hand, lightly press on the eyeballs through the upper eyelids for 1-3 seconds; repeat 3-4 times. Exercise 5. Press the skin of the corresponding superciliary arch with the index fingers of each hand and close your eyes, while the fingers should resist the muscles of the upper eyelids and forehead; repeat 6-8 times.
Group two (for muscle strengthening)
Exercise 1. Slowly look from the floor to the ceiling and back without
changing the position of the head; repeat 8-12 times.
Exercise 2. Slowly look to the right, to the left and back; repeat 8-10 times. Exercise 3. Slowly shift your gaze to the right-up, then to the left-down and back, after that, shift your gaze along another diagonal – left-up, right-down and back; and so on -8-10 times. Exercise 4. Make circular movements with your eyes in one, then in the other direction; repeat 4-6 times.
Group three (to improve accommodation)
In this group, exercises are performed from a standing position.
Exercise 1. Look forward with both eyes for 2-3 seconds, then look at the finger of the right hand, placing it in front of the face to the level of the nose at a distance of 25-30 centimeters, and after 3-5 seconds lower the hand; repeat this 10-12 times. Exercise 2. With both eyes, look for 3-5 seconds at the index finger of the left hand, extended in front of the face, then, bending the arm, bring the finger closer to the nose until the finger begins to double; and so – 6-8 times. Exercise 3. For 3-5 seconds, look with both eyes at the index finger of the outstretched right hand, then cover your left eye with your left palm for 3-5 seconds, and bend and unbend your right hand at this time. Do the same, closing your right eye with your right hand; repeat 6-8 times. Exercise 4. It is called “The mark on the glass.” Being 30-35 centimeters from the window glass, attach a round colored mark with a diameter of 3-5 millimeters to it at eye level, then, away from the line of sight passing through the mark, mark some object for visual fixation. Look, without taking off your glasses, with both eyes at this mark for 1-2 seconds, then look at the intended object for 1-2 seconds, then alternately look at the mark, then at the object. On the first two days – 5 minutes, on the other days – 7 minutes. Repeat systematically with breaks of 10-15 days. Exercise can be performed not only with two, but also with one eye 2-3 times a day.
These exercises are very useful in the treatment of myopia in children.