Eye injuries are the most common causes of acquired blindness. Injuries to the organs of vision can be the result of the influence on the eye of various factors – mechanical, thermal, chemical damaging conditions, etc.
Eye injuries are classified according to characteristics depending on the situation in which the eye injury occurred. As a rule, industrial, domestic and military injuries of the organs of vision are distinguished in the classification.
After receiving an injury to the organ of vision, it is very important to promptly seek qualified medical help from an ophthalmologist, where the victim can be helped. It often happens that even an hour or a day of delay can adversely affect the condition of the damaged eye. Post-traumatic complications in the form of protrusion of the inner ocular membrane, hemorrhage inside the eyeball, infection of the injured eye can make it impossible to restore vision in the injured eye.
In addition to specialized care, an important role is played by the provision of first aid to the victim with an eye injury. Every person should know the basic steps.
Damage to the eyeball is often associated with brain injury. A bandage of sterile bandage should be applied to the affected eye and the victim should be sent to a clinic or ambulance station as soon as possible. You cannot force the victim to walk on their own – this threatens with a cerebral hemorrhage, after which a fatal outcome occurs.
If the victim is injured in the century, then the nearby tissues must be wiped with brilliant green. A bandage from a sterile bandage is applied to the wound and the victim is urgently delivered to the hospital. The injured eyelid should not be washed with anything. It is absolutely prohibited to cut or tear off the hanging pieces of leather. If, upon receiving an injury, the eyelid came off, then it must be taken with you to the doctor, wrapped in a sterile bandage.
A foreign body that has penetrated the eyelid can cause not only discomfort and pain, but also increased tearing. If the object is located behind the lower eyelid, then it is likely to come out on its own when blinking. If the object does not come out, then you can, standing in front of the mirror, turn the eyelid on your own and pull out the foreign body. Having found a foreign object, it should be removed with a cotton swab moistened with clean water or with a corner of a napkin.
If a foreign body has penetrated under the upper eyelid, then it cannot get out of there on its own. Over time, while the object is in the eye, it can damage the lining of the eyeball or the inner lining of the eyelid itself. In such a situation, it is best to seek professional medical attention.
The complexity of the injury is almost impossible to determine with an eye injury. Therefore, you should always bear in mind that the injury can be severe. In this regard, the victim must be taken to any nearby hospital as soon as possible. A sterile dressing is applied to the damaged eye before transportation.
Acid and alkali that come into contact with the eye cause chemical eye burns. The action of these substances lasts until they are washed out of the eye with tears or water. In this regard, emergency care for chemical burns is very important.
The most dangerous eye injuries are alkaline eye burns. Alkaline compounds, when penetrating into the tissues of the eye, begin to corrode some of the components of the cornea of the eyeball and penetrate even deeper. Therefore, the complexity of an alkaline burn cannot be estimated from the external state of the eyes. The state of health of the victim can deteriorate sharply in just a few days.