Eye inflammation is a serious problem, since if it is not diagnosed and treated in a timely manner, the disease can be complicated by concomitant infections and inflammatory processes.
According to statistics, eye inflammations are the most common pathologies in ophthalmology.
Eye inflammations include several types of diseases.
Eye inflammations – conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis is the most common ocular inflammation. The number of patients with conjunctivitis is more than 30% of all people suffering from eye diseases.
Conjunctivitis can occur for various reasons – bacterial, viral, chlamydial, etc. Conjunctivitis is very easily transmitted by contact. A person can become infected through contact with dirty hands, bathing in water, or contact with an infectious person. Hypothermia, colds and the flu virus can also cause conjunctivitis. First, a person wakes up and cannot open his eyes. The eyes become red, tearing occurs, the fear of light begins, the feeling that there is a foreign object in the eye, vision falls. Sometimes there may be puffiness on the eyelids. Usually, conjunctivitis first affects one eye and then spreads to the other. In addition, in the advanced stage, there is a discharge of mucus or pus from the eye.
Allergic conjunctivitis is determined by the increased susceptibility of a person to a certain drug or other allergen. Allergic conjunctivitis is not spread by contact. With this disease, patients complain of scabies, redness and increased lacrimation.
All eye inflammations of conjunctivitis are treated by an ophthalmologist who prescribes the required drugs for each specific case.
Self-medication is excluded, as it can cause complications, for example, the transition of acute to chronic conjunctivitis.
Eye inflammations – keratitis
Keratitis is one of the types of inflammatory eye diseases, an inflammatory process of the cornea of the eye. Keratitis is a serious condition. Keratitis can be caused by germs, viruses and fungi. Keratitis can also indicate the presence of an infection in the body, such as tuberculosis, syphilis, herpes, or sinusitis.
The most common type of keratitis is herpes simplex keratitis, which is caused, respectively, by the herpes virus, and adenoviral keratitis, the cause of which lies in the adenovirus. Herpes keratitis is accompanied by the formation of blistering herpes on the lips. Adenoviral keratitis can occur after surviving colds.
Patients complain of redness of the eyeball, painful sensations, intolerance to light, increased tearing and decreased vision. If keratitis is bacterial in nature, then there is a discharge of pus.
Self-medication is absolutely prohibited. Only an ophthalmologist, after a thorough examination, can establish the cause of the disease and prescribe an adequate and most effective treatment. If necessary, the patient is referred for hospitalization in a hospital. Self-medication can lead to the development of irreversible complications up to complete blindness.
Eye inflammations – iridocyclitis
Iridocyclitis is another common type of eye inflammation. If there are signs of iridocyclitis, you need to see a doctor as soon as possible. Usually, with iridocyclitis, the patient is placed in a hospital, where therapy is carried out and the source of the infection is determined .
Illiterate treatment of iridocyclitis can lead to severe consequences, for example, the formation of a complex form of cataracts or inflammation of the optic nerve, up to complete blindness. Timely started treatment is the key to a favorable outcome of any ocular inflammation.