Myopia is a common disorder among children, sometimes associated with the peculiarities of the development of the eyeball, high visual stress or a deficiency of vitamins and minerals. Minor lifestyle changes can improve the situation. But if vision falls annually by more than 1 diopter, they speak of progressive myopia. In this case, optical correction is not enough to restore vision. If the disease is left unattended, serious retinal disorders will occur, and it will be problematic to regain vision. Progressive myopia is usually diagnosed in schoolchildren.
High-class diagnostic equipment allows our ophthalmologists to carry out a complete examination: to determine the degree of myopia, the rate of its progression. Based on the data obtained, doctors develop an individual program for the treatment of myopia in children.
The complex of therapeutic measures includes methods of physiotherapeutic, functional, optical and drug exposure. If the disease develops rapidly and vision decreases annually by 1 diopter, and pathological disorders appear on the fundus, scleroplasty is performed. This operation strengthens the defective areas of the outer lining of the eye. If there are dangerous types of peripheral retinal dystrophy, laser coagulation is performed. The main goal of these techniques is to stop the lengthening of the eyeball, and therefore myopia.
What can accelerate the development of myopia?
In addition to predisposition and congenital abnormalities, visual impairment leads to:
- excessive visual stress;
- malnutrition: deficiency of vitamins, zinc, magnesium and calcium;
- violation of working and playing conditions: improper posture, insufficient lighting in the room, untimely breaks between monotonous activities, reading in transport.
How to prevent myopia in children?
Prevention of progressive myopia is aimed at eliminating the main risk factors. The following techniques are effective:
- gymnastics for the eyes;
- medicines: vitamin complexes and drops;
- video computer vision correction;
- strengthening the functional state of the body;
- posture correction;
- organization of the correct workplace and adherence to the regime of work and rest.
How do our ophthalmologists help?
Timely referral to a pediatric ophthalmologist will help prevent formidable complications of myopia, for example, astigmatism in children, and preserve eyesight. Children’s operations in the Clinic are performed on an outpatient basis, that is, parents can stay in the ward with their child after surgery. We use modern and absolutely safe anesthesia – “mild anesthesia”, which is much easier for young patients.
The operating room of the Clinic is equipped with modern equipment and a unique climate control system that maintains constant humidity, temperature, and sterility of the air. All operating equipment is connected to an autonomous power supply device, which completely eliminates the risk of failures due to voltage surges and even its complete shutdown.