The operation of cataract ultrasound phacoemulsification with IOL implantation is one of the safest and most effective operations.
What is Phacoemulsification
As you know, a cataract is a disease of the lens of the eye, when it begins to turn cloudy due to aging, although there are other causes of this disease.
To restore vision, the clouded lens must be removed and an artificial intraocular lens replaced in its place.
Cataract phacoemulsification with IOL implantation
Today, surgical removal of cataracts by ultrasound phacoemulsification with IOL implantation is one of the safest and most effective operations in medicine. Almost 95% of cases of cataracts in Europe, the United States is removed by this method.
The principle of cataract phacoemulsification consists of 3 main stages:
- Creating corneal micro incisions and accessing the lens
- Transformation of a cloudy lens into an emulsion using ultrasound and its removal
- Implantation of an artificial lens to the place of a removed lens
For a better understanding of the technique, we offer you a visual video with a description of all stages of the operation.
It becomes clear that only the perfected technology and expensive high-tech equipment in the hands of an experienced surgeon give such high results. The percentage of successful operations for such doctors reaches 97-98%.
The main advantages of phacoemulsification for the patient
Previously, the classic operation was quite difficult for the patient and required to stay in the hospital for 2-3 weeks. A large incision was made in half of the eye and the opaque lens was removed entirely from the eye. For six months, stitches were imposed and the patient observed significant restrictions. Modern surgery is much more comfortable and easier for the patient. Convince yourself of the benefits of Phacoemulsification :
Phacoemulsification surgery is easily tolerated even by the elderly, it is performed under local anesthesia in an outpatient setting
Modern surgery is much more comfortable and easier for the patient. Convince yourself of the benefits of Phacoemulsification :
- Outpatient surgery– with the advent of new equipment and soft artificial lenses Phacoemulsification takes 15-20 minutes and is carried out on an outpatient basis, i.e. lying in the hospital is not necessary.
- Without pain– the lens has no nerve endings, so it does not hurt. how Typically, the operation passes under local anesthesia .
- Without seams– Modern technologies allow you to remove the lens through a 2 mm puncture! This operation does not require stitches, which means they do not need to be removed, everything heals by itself.
- Short operation time– the operation time is 15 – 20 minutes, which is very comfortable for the patient.
- Rapid restoration of vision– in most cases, within a few hours after surgery, vision returns to the patient.
- The maximum result– with a properly selected artificial lens and a professionally performed operation, the patient has the greatest possible visual acuity for him
- Vision quality– modern artificial lenses are distinguished by excellent color rendering and contrast
- Minimal restrictions– in comparison with outdated methods; with phacoemulsification, the patient has a minimum set of restrictions on loads and regimen
- Rapid rehabilitation– after 7-10 days you can go to work, restrictions apply for 1 month until the end of home treatment with drops
Indications for cataract phacoemulsification
The main indications for cataract removal by the FEC method are:
- Reduced visual acuity up to 50% or more
- Appearancethe senses fog and veil
- Glare and halos from bright light sources
- Otherthe symptoms cataracts .
The indications for this operation can be any type and any stage of cataract. An immature stage of cataract, which allows the surgeon to perform the operation as safely as possible, is best suited for this operation.
An immature cataract is the optimal stage for performing Phacoemulsification surgery , when a high degree of safety is combined with excellent results.
For the patient, this means that it is no longer necessary to wait for the maturation of the cataract, when the eye becomes completely blind, as it was before. Removing cataracts in the early stages of its maturity minimizes the percentage of complications, both during surgery and in the postoperative period. If you experience symptoms of cataracts, you should immediately consult an ophthalmologist.
If you wait until the patient becomes blind from the development of a mature cataract, then you need to know that the risk of complications increases several times, and the cost of the operation usually doubles.
How is Phacoemulsification performed ?
Most phacoemulsification in the USA it is performed in private clinics on an outpatient basis. The algorithm for the patient is almost the same everywhere:
- An hour before the surgery, the patient stays at the clinic, and preparation for the surgery begins.
- Instilled drops for the expansion of the pupil and drops with anesthetic
- The patient is placed on the operating table and prepared by the anesthesiologist for the operation.
- The surgeon removes the cataract and implants an artificial lens inside the eye.
- Operationis ending without overlay stitches
- Patientescorted to the postoperative ward
- An hour after the operation, the patient leaves home and fulfills all the doctor’s prescriptions.
- The next day, the patient stays at the clinic for examination.
Complications of phacoemulsification
As you already understood, the success of the operation is directly related to the experience of the surgeon. If the surgeon is a beginner, then the percentage of possible complications, even in standard cases, is much higher and reaches 10-15%, sometimes more. What to say about the difficult cases of cataracts.
Complicated cataracts include:
- Weakbundles lens
- Combinationcataracts with sugar diabetes
- Combinationcataracts and glaucoma
- Combinationcataracts and myopia
- Many other common and eye diseases
Treatment of complications of the operation will be long, and the result may be far from ideal . Responsible for choosing a clinic and a surgeon
The most common complications of Phacoemulsification can be:
- gross damage to the cornea by ultrasound
- damage to the ligaments of the lens
- rupture of the lens capsule with loss of the vitreous body
- displacement of the artificial lens
- other complications
It is worth noting that each of these complications can turn into serious problems for the patient. The treatment will be long, and the result may be far from ideal . Let’s agree that you need to take a responsible approach to the choice of an eye clinic and an eye surgeon for the treatment of cataracts so that the result will meet your expectations and the money spent. If you care about your elderly relatives, then a well-performed operation will be transferred much more easily and they will get better as quickly as possible.