Visual impairment

Visual impairment

A blurry image, flies before the eyes, double vision are signs of visual impairment caused by injury or disease, and not only in the eyes. Age and modern lifestyle also affect eye health not in the best way, but even this should not be put up with.

If the eyes began to see poorly, you need to seek professional help, because initially minor changes in vision increase over time and sometimes lead to blindness. Consultation with an ophthalmologist will save you from expensive treatment and serious illnesses.

What visual problems do we face?

Here a person notices that he can hardly distinguish between bus numbers, and squints, reading small text. Only then does he realize that he began to see badly. But this is not the only sign of visual impairment. Typical changes that not everyone immediately pays attention to:

  • fuzzy, double image;
  • flies before the eyes, halo effect, light flashes;
  • decrease in brightness and color;
  • photophobia;
  • strabismus.

Why does vision deteriorate?

Most of the problems are associated with age-related changes and diseases:

  1. Presbyopia occurs due to weakening of the eye muscles and lens;
  2. Cataracts occur in the elderly;
  3. Glaucoma appears more often in hypertensive patients;
  4. Diabetic retinopathy is a consequence of high blood sugar and high blood pressure;
  5. Macular degeneration is the main culprit in blindness after 60;
  6. Retinal detachment.

Vision sometimes deteriorates as a result of taking certain medications (antihistamines and antimalarials, for example), trauma, or excessive sun exposure.

How to stop visual impairment?

Treatment depends on the cause of the disease, therefore, first of all, consultation with an ophthalmologist and a comprehensive eye diagnosis are necessary.

  • If it turns out that the patient has farsightedness, myopia or astigmatism, the ophthalmologist will select glasses or contact lenses that compensate for refractive errors.
  • If your eyes are sensitive to bright light, good sunglasses and darkening rooms are a possible solution.
  • If medications are the cause of your eye problems, talk to your doctor about safe alternatives.
  • Discomfort caused by dry eye syndrome will be relieved by special drops or so-called artificial tears.

For more serious problems – cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and others – appropriate surgical treatment will be required. In the clinic of laser eye microsurgery, all types of eye surgeries are performed, which stop the deterioration of vision and in many cases restore it.

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