Diabetic retinopathy: symptoms, treatment, prevention

Diabetic retinopathy: symptoms, treatment, prevention

Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease in people diagnosed with diabetes due to retinal damage. This disease is dangerous by a significant deterioration in vision, and in some cases its absolute loss. The disease progresses quite slowly.

In diabetics, the walls of blood vessels become thinner, which can lead to retinal hemorrhage. Bursting vessels in the retina are replaced by new vessels, the same fragile ones that can burst at any time. From a bursting vessel, blood penetrates into the region of the eye, which is located in front of the retina, which causes visual impairment. After the blood begins to accumulate, forming scars, after some time they begin to pull the retina behind them and, as a result, tearing it away from the choroid of the eye.

At the last stages of the disease, films are formed in front of the retina from the connective tissue, which interfere with the penetration of light to it. Swollen macula appears – the central part of the retina, which helps to recognize small details, as a result of absolute blindness.

Symptoms of the disease
The biggest problem of diabetic retinopathy is that it can be asymptomatic in both the initial and late stages. The patient’s vision can remain beautiful and, further, he will no longer need to contact a specialist for qualified help.
With all this, this eye disease needs treatment in the early stages, so every person suffering from diabetes should immediately consult an ophthalmologist and undergo an examination, which must be repeated six months later in order to avoid the progression of the disease.
Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy are:
lack of focus, poor legibility and visibility of objects;
there is pain in the eyes;
flies appear in front of the eyes;
fog and dark spots before the eyes, complete or partial loss of vision.

If such problems appear in people diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, you should immediately contact an ophthalmologist.

Treatment and prevention
It is impossible to completely pour out from diabetic retinopathy today. The most effective and common way to treat this disease is laser therapy. Its action is aimed at slowing down or absolutely neutralizing the decrease in visual acuity by strengthening the walls of blood vessels.
Treatment and preventive measures for the occurrence of diabetic retinopathy in the first stages are aimed at normalizing the patient’s blood glucose level and stabilizing his normal level. To do this, it is prescribed to take sugar-lowering drugs, exercise, rationally and correctly eat, as well as the use of traditional medicine.
Patients are also shown courses of taking vitamins of groups B, C, E and P. Monthly alternating courses of taking one vitamin to another. You also need to take drugs whose action is aimed at protecting and strengthening the vessels of the eyes. The most effective of them are prodectin and dicinone.
Preparations based on blueberries, vitamin B, biloba and lecithin, in particular neurostrong, also have a good therapeutic effect. This drug provides oxygen to the retina, and hemorrhages and blood clots are prevented.
For the prevention of the disease, drops of Aloe extract according to Fedorov are well suited. These drops help to improve the metabolism of the retina of the eye, provide nutrition to the eyes with useful components and help to heal and repair tissues.
To improve the metabolism and nourishment of the eye tissues with energy, it is better to take dibicor for 6 months.

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